At stumps, Australia were 337 for one after cashing in on captain Michael Clarke's good fortune in winning the toss and batting first on a placid pitch.

Rogers was a Test-best 158 not out at the close and Smith, dropped on 50, unbeaten on 129. Their partnership was so far worth 259 runs and broke the previous Australia second-wicket record at Lord's of 231 set by Bill Woodfull and Don Bradman which had stood since 1930.

England's lone success in 90 overs' of toil was when off-spinner Moeen Ali had David Warner (38) caught in the covers by James Anderson shortly after the first hour's play.

Not since Geoff Marsh (125 not out) and Mark Taylor (141 not out) took their side to 301 without loss against England on the first day of the fifth Test at Trent Bridge in 1989 had Australia produced such a commanding display with the bat on the opening day of an Ashes match.

It was just the response the Ashes-holders, looking to win their first Test series in Britain in 14 years, would have wanted following England's 169-run win in the first Test in Cardiff last week.

Left-hander Rogers -- who plans to retire after this series -- knows 'the home of cricket' well from his time with Lord's-based county side Middlesex.

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