Chandigarh: The Census 2011 data for Haryana has revealed that about 96 percent of households are living in good or livable houses and only 4 percent families, that is 2,09,270 are living in dilapidated houses.

As many as 67.9 percent of households in Haryana own a television. In rural areas, 59.4 percent of households have television sets as compared to 82.2 percent in urban areas, Haryana's Director, Census Operations, Neerja Sekhar said here on Thursday.

Computers or Laptops have increased their reach in the last 10 years.

She said that 13.2 percent households own computers, out of which 5.3 percent have access to internet and 7.9 percent do not access the internet.

As many as 79.3 percent households possess a telephone, 66.9 percent have only mobile phones, 4.5 percent have only a landline and eight percent have both mobile and landline.

The percentage share of households having one married couple in a house remained the same during census of 2001 and 2011, that is 65.6 percent, Sekhar said.

She released the Housing Census data which was collected during 45-day long first phase of Census (House listing and Housing census conducted from May one, 2010 to June 15, 2010) in which around 53,000 enumerators and supervisors in Haryana were involved, according to an official release here.

High speed scanning of Schedules, Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) technology, computerised image validation and efficient manual interventions has made it possible for the data to be released in a record period of less than two years, Sekhar said.

Housing information was collected through a notified House-listing schedule having 35 columns. As many as 18 columns related to houses and households, nine columns related to amenities available to the household and eight columns were about assets possessed by the households.

In Haryana, there are 47,17,954 households in Census 2011 as compared to 35,29,642 in 2001 excluding Institutional households residing in 47,06,664 Census houses.

The total number of Census houses have increased from 51,06,275 in 2001 Census to 70,88,008 in 2011 registering a net gain of 19,81,733, Sekhar said.

The number of shops and offices increased to 5,44,076 from 3,81,968 of 2001 Census. Around 96 percent of households are living in good/livable houses. Only 4 percent of households (2,09,270) are living in dilapidated houses, she said.

As much as 32.5 percent of households live in houses with concrete roofs and 23.9 percent and 14.6 percent in stone or slate and brunt brick roof houses respectively.

The number of households living in the houses having roof of grass or thatch or bamboo or wood or mud have decreased from 16,54,226 in 2001 to 13,45,198 registering a decrease of 18.65 percent.

The number of households having no exclusive room for themselves has increased from 45,273 in 2001 to 73,848 in 2011.

While referring to amenities like drinking water, she said that percentage share of households having tap water as their main source of drinking water increased from 48.1 percent to 68.8 percent in 2011.

As many as 72,072 households are using public latrine and 29.8 percent households defecate in the open.

Also, 68.1 percent of the households have a separate bathroom facility and 14.4 percent of households have bathroom without roof.

She said that 54.3 percent of the households are using traditional fuel for cooking that is fire wood, crop residue and cowdung cake. In rural areas, its share is 74.8 percent.

However, in urban areas, its share is 19.6 percent.

In rural areas, the use of LPG is 24.1 percent and 77.6 percent in urban areas, she said.

Sekhar said that 33.3 percent of households are having facility of two wheelers, that is Scooter or Motorcycle or Moped. In the rural areas, 5.8 percent of households are having four wheeler and 18.5 percent of households in urban areas are having four wheelers.