New Delhi: Rubbishing all speculations of contesting the Presidential polls against UPA candidate and Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee, former President APJ Abdul Kalam conveyed his denial to senior BJP leader LK Advani.

Abdul Kalam in pics

Kalam was vehemently supported by Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee while the NDA and many smaller parties were makinge up their mind on Kalam.

Meanwhile, we take you through the life and achievements of Dr Kalam:

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam better known as APJ Abdul Kalam, who went on to become the President of India is a great source of inspiration for millions of young minds.

The Missile Man of India has travelled a remarkable journey from a village in Tamil Nadu to the highest office in India. The only bachelor to reach the Rashtrapati Bhawan holds about 40 doctorate degrees from various national and international universities besides almost all of civilian honours: Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan.

Kalam is known for his statement that India needs to play an assertive role in the International relations.

The 11th President of India has an exemplary life history which has been a motivation for many and was the inspiration for the film ‘I am Kalam’ depicting a child naming himself after his idol’s name.

Owing to his apolitical career, his career as a nuclear scientist and his love for children earned him the title of ‘People’s President.

Kalam’s early days

Kalam used to distribute newspapers in his school days to contribute to the family income. Once an average student but a lover of mathematics achieved the heights with his consistent hard work and perseverance.
The sober man studied aerospace engineering at Madras Institute of Technology in Chennai after which he joined Aeronautical Development Establishment of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and became the master of aeronautical and missile technology of India.

Kalam: The achiever

Dr. Kalam is a pioneer in fibre glass technology. Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. In the year 1998, with cardiologist Dr.SomaRaju, Kalam developed a low cost Coronary stent. It was named as "Kalam-Raju Stent" honouring them. In 2012, the duo, designed a rugged tablet PC for health care in rural areas. It is named as "Kalam-Raju Tablet".

He had also initiated the use of carbon-carbon and carbon-polymer materials for production of floor reaction orthosis calipers which has reduced the weight of the caliper to 1/10th of the original weight. Over 50,000 children have been fitted with these calipers.

Dr. Kalam has served as the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India, in the rank of Cabinet Minister, from November 1999 to November 2001 and played a prominent role in policy formation, strategies and missions for many development applications. Dr. Kalam was also the Chairman, Ex-officio, of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet (SAC-C) and piloted India Millennium Mission 2020.

Dr. Kalam took up academics as Professor, Technology & Societal Transformation at Anna University, Chennai from November 2001. Since then he has been igniting the young minds by meeting school students across the country. During the last decade, Dr. Kalam has addressed over five million youth and inspired them to become an active participant of India Vision 2020.

Kalam has been working for rural prosperity by inducing use of science and technology in rural sector through PURA (Providing Urban Amenities to Rural Areas). He has created a World Knowledge Platform to bring organizations and nations together to innovate and create solutions and products for the challenges of 21st century.

Currently, he is the chancellor of Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology at Thiruvanthapuram.

Kalam: The Missile Man of India

Kalam was the project director of first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in the orbit in 1990. Kalam also directed Project Devil and Project Valiant – which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of Kalam's successful SLV programme.

As Chief Executive of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (I.G.M.D.P), he played a major part in developing many missiles in India including Agni and Prithvi. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of DRDO from July 1992 to December 1999. The Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period where he played an intensive political and technological role leading to the weaponisation of strategic missile systems and making India a nuclear weapon State.

Kalam: The President of India

Kalam was elected the 11th President of India on July 25, 2002 with the support of the BJP led NDA, Samajwadi Party and National Communist Party. It was a time when both the Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee and President Abdul Kalam were bachelors.

Now during the nomination for the presidential candidates, Kalam emerged as a popular choice for the post gaining support on social media and among the common man. While the BJP was about to confirm its support for his candidature, only Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee expressed her support for him. Till now, only UPA has confirmed Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee as its presidential candidate.

Kalam: The author

The down-to-earth personality has penned down several books including ‘India 2020’ which highlights the action plans that will help develop the country into a knowledge superpower by the time 2020.

Recently, Kalam also penned a sequel ‘Turning Points’ to his bestselling autobiography ‘Wings of Fire’ which brings together details from his career and presidency.

Kalam’s autobiography ‘Wings of Fire’ has been a national bestseller for long.

His other popular books include Scientist to President, Ignited Minds, Guiding Souls, The Scientific Indian: A Twenty-first Century Guide to the World around Us, Children Ask Kalam, Envisioning an Empowered Nation, Mission India, My Journey and many more.

Criticism against Kalam

Recently, Kalam has been criticized for his support for the Kudankulam nuclear power plant in the name of dire need of nuclear power for fulfilling energy requirements.

Dr Abdul Kalam has also been doubted of being the rightful owner of making the country a nuclear power. Several scholars had also criticized him regarding the Pokhran-II tests.

JPN

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