Counter-terrorism and security are also high on the agenda of the meeting  of regional leaders under the theme "Deeper Regional Integration for Peace and Prosperity"."Deeper integration within SAARC requires greater trust in making genuine solutions to understand the root causes of terrorism. Every problem must not be seen as a nail to be hit with the hammer of force," Ghani said.

Asia's economic boom needs to be tapped into by the rest of the SAARC countries, he noted, especially in the field of energy where significant gas and oil resources could be used regionally to push up growth, news agency reported.

"Seeing Asia as a single region opens up new space for regional cooperation. It is not just integration but innovation that will promote cooperation," he said. Ghani also talked extensively about the need to promote accountability within Afghanistan to build a peaceful future and expressed appreciation for support from the SAARC members.

Ghani also called on all countries to implement agreements signed at this summit. Foreign ministers from the member states are expected to sign the SAARC Railway Agreement, Motor Vehicle Agreement and Framework Agreement on Energy Cooperation.

A 31-point draft declaration that touches on a wide range of issues, including counter-terrorism, trade and investment promotion, infrastructure development, youth employment, telecommunication tariff cuts, regional connectivity, social security for elderly people, literacy, and SAARC's transformation into the South Asian Economic Union by 2030 is expected to be released at the end of the summit.

Established in 1985 in Bangladesh, Saarc groups eight South Asian countries Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Afghanistan joined SAARC as its eighth member state in 2007.

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