To demonstrate glory and prosperity of his Kingdom, great architecture lover Shah Jahan had built the  throne. It was commission in 1628 and built in seven years under the supervision of Bebadal Khan, who was a goldsmith. The throne was six feet long, five feet wide and 10 feet high. Rubies, garnets, diamonds, pearls, emeralds and other precious jewels enriched its beauty.

Besides the precious metals and jewels, there were three pillows on the throne. The emperor would sit at the middle cushion which was large and round in the shape.

There were also flat side cushions. After its completion, Shah Jahan sat for the first time on his much-awaited throne at Agra in 1635.

Nadir Shah, who was the Shah of Persia and the founder of the Afsharid Dynasty, invaded Mughal Empire and took the Peacock Throne to Persia along with other immense treasures from India.


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