Cairo: Amnesty International on Wednesday urged a "fair and transparent" trial of ousted Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, who is due to appear in court on Thursday on murder and fraud charges.

Mubarak is being tried along with his two sons Alaa and Gamal, and former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly as well as six security chiefs.

Businessman Hussein Salem is being tried in absentia in the same case. Over 800 anti-regime protesters were killed in the January-February uprising that toppled Mubarak's regime.

"This trial presents a historic opportunity for Egypt to hold a former leader and his inner circle to account for crimes committed during their rule," said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International's Director for the Middle East and North Africa.

"But if the trial is going to be a meaningful break with Egypt's record of impunity, it must be both fair and transparent - justice demands no less. Not only must the trial be fair but it must be seen to be fair, not least by the families of those who died during the protests.”

If found guilty of murder, Mubarak, who ruled Egypt with an iron fist for 30 years, could face the death penalty, the justice minister has said.