The ART is also highly effective in preventing the sexual, parental and vertical transmission of HIV, renowned physician Dr Kutikuppala Surya Rao said addressing the media persons on the occasion of World AIDS Day.
    
"Today, a person diagnosed with HIV at the age of 20 years, if started promptly on ART, is expected to live a normal lifespan, with highly preserved quality of life," Rao said.
    
"These medical breakthrough fostered the development of a treatment as prevention (TasP) strategy, the aim of which is to provide early access to HIV testing and treatment to prevent progression of AIDS and premature death as well as HIV transmission," he said.
    
According to International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC) guidelines 2015, an estimated 50 percent of people living with HIV globally are unaware of their status. Among those who know their HIV status, many do not receive anti-retroviral therapy in a timely manner, fail to remain engaged in care, or do not achieve sustained viral suppression.

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