The iPhone has given Apple extraordinary bargaining power with mobile carriers around the world, and the Canadian watchdog wants to know if it used that leverage to force domestic operators to sell rival devices at a higher price than they otherwise would have.
The Competition Bureau is seeking details on volume commitment, minimum order quantities, and any special treatment that Apple may have sought from the carriers, the filing showed.
"Of course it is natural for them to want to push in that regard, and let's see if they pushed too hard," said Colin Gillis, a technology analyst at BGC Partners in New York.
The affidavit filed on Tuesday by Vincent Millette, who is heading the Competition Bureau's investigation, listed several ways the agreements with the phone companies may have prevented or lessened competition.
It formed part of the agency's filings with the Federal Court on Tuesday seeking documents from Apple as part of an investigation into possible anti-competitive behavior by the company. The bureau said on Thursday it had not reached a conclusion of wrongdoing at this time.
Millette affirmed that the Apple Canada contracts may have:
- discouraged wireless carriers from reducing the price of other handsets, or offering other enhancements
- discouraged them from offering other handsets
- encouraged them to maintain or boost the price of wireless services for competing handsets
- dampened upstream competition between handset suppliers.
"The contractual obligations (with the carriers) may therefore increase the price Canadian consumers have paid, are paying or will pay for handset devices and wireless services," he said in his affidavit.
The Competition Bureau is looking for documents as far back as July 2008, when the iPhone first was introduced in Canada.
The agency informed Apple in April that it was investigating the contracts with the phone companies. Apple has provided some records already, and wireless carriers have sent over 2,500 records in response to requests from the bureau made between June and August.
An Apple spokeswoman was not available to comment.