Cricket Australia will trial day-night games during February's round nine of the Sheffield Shield competition in Adelaide, Brisbane and Melbourne using pink balls. (Agencies)
If it proves successful, Australia could hold a day-night Test against New Zealand in late 2015.
CA said it would consider scheduling more twilight first-class matches in the 2014-15 season to further test out playing conditions and equipment.
"There is a lot of work to be done and nothing is guaranteed but this summer's trials are our first serious effort to make day-night Test cricket a reality," CA chief executive James Sutherland said in a statement.
"We've also had some discussions with New Zealand Cricket to gauge their interest in the concept over the past few weeks given they are due to tour Australia in late 2015.
"This is all about the fans. Cricket can't afford to sit on its hands and must keep working hard to ensure Tests remain the most popular form of the game," he said.
He said the International Cricket Council was flexible on proposed changes that would allow such trials to proceed.
Sutherland said another key issue related to playing cricket at night was the consistency of the ball used.
"We acknowledge that one of the critical aspects is how the ball wears, behaves and is seen over the course of an innings," he said.
"There are also some concerns about dew on the ground at night. There may need to be some flexibility and compromise to get to the outcome," he added.
Cricket Australia will trial day-night games during February's round nine of the Sheffield Shield competition in Adelaide, Brisbane and Melbourne using pink balls.