Against the backdrop of significant announcements by the US and China on limiting greenhouse gases, the Secretary General looks to India to also announce its own Intended Nationally Determined Commitment (INDCs) by June next year ahead of the 2015 climate conference in Paris where the new universal treaty on climate change will be adopted.

India's Environment Minister Prakash Javedkar will  represent the country at the ministerial-level at the UN Climate Change Conference in the Peruvian capital, Lima this week.

On the commitment expected from India to rein in its growing emissions, Ban told , "It would be very helpful for India to put forth an Intended Nationally Determined Commitment by June 2015 that is ambitious and appropriate for India's own development path."
    
"In Lima, I expect countries to agree on the draft text of the Paris agreement and answer key questions on the nature of the commitments that will be made by countries next year. I encourage India to continue playing a key and constructive role that will make a meaningful, universal climate agreement possible next year when countries meet in Paris," Ban said.
    
Following the US-China announcement last month, Ban had urged "all countries, especially all major economies," to follow Beijing and Washington's lead and announce ambitious post-2020 targets as soon as possible, but no later than the first quarter of 2015.

The UN Chief said while the commitments are to be determined nationally, "I would like to see them be as ambitious as possible, showing the world that countries intend over time to significantly reduce emissions, and perhaps come as close to climate-neutral as possible by the second half of this century.

"Investing in a low-carbon economy makes economic sense, it makes sense for improving health and well-being, and it makes sense to protect the environment," he said in an email interview.

Ban quoted the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report which said that the world must act urgently if it is to limit global temperature rise to less than two degrees Celsius and noted that delay in reaching a climate agreement will cost the international community dearly.

"We cannot continue to negotiate a climate treaty in perpetuity. We need to reach an agreement in Paris in 2015 that allows the world to move ahead on actions that will benefit all. There is no time to delay. If we delay, individually or collectively, we all will pay— and the poorest and the most vulnerable will pay most," he said.
    
The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international treaty that considers what can be done to reduce global warming and to cope with  whatever temperature increases are inevitable.
    
The 20th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP), being held in Lima through December 12, brings together the 196 Parties to the UNFCCC, which is the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. Over the course of the next two weeks, delegates will attempt to hammer out the new universal treaty, which would enter force by 2020.
    
India has said that the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions should be determined nationally and not internationally. Javadekar had said that responsibility of developed countries is different and must be recognised.

While India is the world’s third-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, its long-held position is that it will not sacrifice eradicating poverty to limit carbon emissions. In September, Javadekar had said at the Climate Summit at the UN that India is fully committed to achieving its voluntary goal for reducing Emission Intensity of its GDP by 20-25 percent by 2020 over 2005 level.

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