New Delhi: Pipping past the four metro cities of New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai, the southern technology hub Bangalore has emerged as the best city to live in India, a global survey said on Tuesday. However, the national capital Delhi has emerged as the most unsafe city in India.
Despite its top Indian ranking, Bangalore's worldwide rank is very low at 141st position in a list of 221 cities globally in terms of standard of living, compiled by the 'Quality of Living Survey - Worldwide Rankings, 2011' by the global HR (human resources) consultancy major Mercer.
Vienna has been ranked as the world's best city to live in on the global list, which has five Indian cities -- Bangalore (141st), New Delhi (143rd), Mumbai (144th), Chennai (150th) and Kolkata (151st).
Globally, Vienna is followed by Zurich, Auckland, Munich, Dusseldorf, Vancouver, Frankfurt, Geneva, Copenhagen and Bern among the top-ranked cities in terms of quality of living, Mercer said.
In another list of the world's best cities in terms of personal safety standards, Luxembourg has been placed on the top, followed by Bern, Helsinki, Zurich, Vienna, Geneva and Stockholm.
Bangalore has been ranked as the best Indian city both in terms of quality of living and the personal safety standards.     

The personal safety ranking has been on measures of internal stability, crime levels, law enforcement effectiveness and host-country's international relations.  

A host of Indian and foreign IT companies, as also many multinational companies from other sectors, have set up shop in Bangalore for their outsourcing and R&D (research and development units).
On the other hand, Mumbai plays host to the companies mostly from the financial services sector, being the financial capital of the country, while New Delhi's attraction has been its status as the national capital. Chennai and Kolkata are have also been catching up fast in the recent past as major industrial hubs within the country.
About the survey, Mercer said that many cities in Asia have fared badly due to issues like political turmoul and lack of suitable infrastructure.
"Many Asian cities rank at the bottom, due to social instability, political turmoil, pollution, disease and sanitation issues, natural disasters such as typhoons and tsunamis, and lack of suitable infrastructure," Mercer's Asia Pacific leader for Global Mobility Phil Stanley said.
Globally, Baghdad (Iraq) has been ranked as lowest in terms of quality of living at 221st position. Other cities with the lowest quality of living are Khartoum, Sudan (217), Port-au-Prince, Haiti (218), N'Djamena, Chad (219), and Bangui, Central African Republic (220).
In terms of safety standards also, Baghdad is ranked the worst as the worst's least safe city at 221st position, preceded by N'Djamena, Chad (220), Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire (219), Bangui, Central African Republic (218), and Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (217).
Within Asia-Pacific region, Auckland (3) is the highest-ranking city for quality of living, followed by Sydney (11), Wellington (13), Melbourne (18) and Perth (21).
The highest-ranking Asian cities are Singapore (25) and Tokyo (46), Hong Kong (70), Kuala Lumpur (76), Seoul (80) and Taipei (85).
At the same time, Phnom Penh, Cambodia (186), Yangon, Myanmar (196) and Dhaka, Bangladesh (204), have been ranked lowest in the region.
Mercer said that the rankings would help the companies in assigning their employees on assignments across the world. Slagin Parakatil, Senior Researcher at Mercer, commented:
"Companies need to keep on top of current developments to ensure that their compensation packages remain competitive and continue to motivate expatriate employees."

Delhi one of the most unsafe cities

On the contrary, the National Capital has emerged as one of the most unsafe cities along with Patna, Kanpur and Meerut in the country, according to a report by online realty portal
The report, which was prepared by global market research firm YouGov on behalf of, has found Chandigarh to be safest place in the country, followed by Vadodara, Shimla and Udaipur in terms of crime, law enforcement and terrorism.
The survey, comprising 6,161 samples and 37 cities across the country, placed Meerut at the bottom of the safety parameters assigning 2.39 points in a scale of 0-5, while Delhi came in the 34th position with 2.8 points.
"Delhi along with Patna, Kanpur and Meerut emerged as one of the most unsafe cities in the country," the study said.
In terms of people enjoying better human rights conditions, Delhi ranked 28th position.
In the survey “Most and least desirable cities to live in India”, Chandigarh emerged on top of the list across most parameters that were taken into consideration while arriving at the overall desirability index.
Chandigarh topped the charts of education, health, living conditions, safety, human rights and culture.
Meerut has been placed at the bottom of the lists of many segments such as education, safety, human rights, culture and finance.
As for the National Capital, it was ranked 4th in education, 3rd in health, 10th in living conditions, 6th in culture and 3rd in financial aspects.