The White House announced Obama had pardoned two people and commuted sentences - ranging from cocaine to firearm possession - of 95 others in an end-of-year act of executive power.

His actions bring total commutations to 184, which the White House said is 'more than the last five presidents combined'. "I believe in your ability to prove the doubters wrong, and change your life for the better," Obama said in a letter to those who received clemency.

In a statement, the White House said President Obama is committed to restoring the sense of fairness 'at the heart of our justice system'.

Obama wants to reform a range of laws that cause the United States to have among the world's highest incarceration rates and that put a disproportionate number of black and Hispanic Americans behind bars.

Obama's pardons on Friday are by far the largest number he has issued on one day. Before the action, Obama had been criticized for not using executive pardons more.

It could be seen as a statement of intent. Obama's final year in office is expected to bring a concerted White House push for broader justice reform.

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