The ongoing shelling between India and Pakistan on border areas along with the Line of Control (LoC) for the last 10 days has not only derailed measures to improve bilateral relations between both the nations but also dashed India's trust that Pakistan would take its efforts towards establishing peace seriously. When Prime Minister Narendra Modi had invited his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif to attend his oath-taking ceremony, it was seen as a new dawn in the bilateral relations between the two countries. However, just like every time, Pakistan wasted no time to stab at India's back. They also went on to talk with Hurriyat leaders and even started shelling along the border. After this, it sang the cacophonous Kashmir tune at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). When this step failed too, they intensified the shelling along the border with a fresh outset. Though, Pakistan continues to indulge in shelling along border, this time around the manner in which Pakistan attacked civilians with heavy weapons, it unmasks their nefarious intentions. India's reply to repeated violations of ceasefire along LoC was only natural. It happened too. It's strange that despite Indian soldiers' strong fightback – Congress, NCP, SP, Shiv Sena and other opposition parties – looked worried that why the PM has not uttered anything on the border situation. The attitude of these parties only reflected their pique. The border situation cannot be a part of politics, especially electoral politics. However, in the past few days something similar has been observed.

Generally, India had always put forward a restrained  attitude towards Pakistan's bellicosity but this time Pakistani army's misadventure was subjugated and in reality a befitting reply was given. On the issue of border situation, the opposition parties may criticise the Centre in whatever way, but it is difficult to remember when the UPA government had given such a tough response to Pakistan. The PM had to silence the opposition parties by saying that when soldiers' guns are speaking the leaders have to stay mum. Just like the PM, Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Defence Minister Arun Jaitley have also made it crystal clear that every provocative activity from across the border would be given a proper reply but it seems that just like before, Pakistan didn't deem important to pay heed to India's warning. This time it has got a reply which perhaps it could not even imagine of.  

Several reasons behind the shelling from the Pakistani side are being given. One of them is that Pakistan has been chagrined following defeat in the final of Asiad hockey competition. A strong argument is that after not getting any favourable response from the international community in the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA)  over the Kashmir issue, Pakistan has become despondent and disappointed, and in this despondency it  wants to test India's patience. This argument may have merit because the whole world saw that at the UNGA, the Indian Prime Minister not only ignored Pakistan's stance on the Kashmir issue but also categorically advised Pakistan that talks are only possible when they develop an ideal atmosphere. Modi's address attracted world's attention. At the same time, he also succeeded in developing an understanding with American President Barack Obama over the issue of tackling terrorism. Pakistan saw itself under immense pressure due to this very reason. Pakistan's misadventures on the LoC can also have a plausible reason that due to the devastating floods in Jammu and Kashmir, the terrorists' locations were demolished. Keeping the forthcoming Jammu and Kashmir Assembly elections in mind, Pakistan wants to supply a new wave of terrorists before snowfall starts. Pakistan would want to disturb the coming elections in the state by hook or crook because it does not want conditions to normalise here.

After India's strong response to Pakistan over shelling along the border, it needs to be seen whether Pakistan's army and ruling establishment start thinking afresh or not? It would be better for Pakistan to rightly understand India's intentions that an atmosphere of peace in South Asia is good for all the nations. Narendra Modi himself has repeated his commitment that he wants cordial relations with neighbouring countries. The world fraternity is also cognizant of the fact that how normalisation of relations between these two South Asian countries is pivotal for peace in the region. It cannot be just a coincidence that this year the Nobel Peace Prize in the field of social service has been given jointly to a citizen each from India and Pakistan. While announcing the names of child rights activist Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai, who took on terrorists over education of girls, the selection committee must have expected that this would pave way for improvement in relations between India and Pakistan. This expectation shows committee's far-sighted thinking but only time will tell if Pakistan understands the feelings of the committee as well as the international fraternity? When it comes to India, the world community is well aware that it is a responsible and peace-loving nation which has always extended a hand of friendship towards Pakistan. The world is also aware that Pakistan since its birth has kept ill-will towards India.

Another significant facet in India-Pakistan relations is Afghanistan. Pakistan wants to utilise Afghanistan to fulfil their strategic interests. Few months back due to conflict along its border with Afghanistan, Pakistan's attention from Kashmir had deviated. Meanwhile, Kashmir's condition seemed like coming back to normal. Pakistan did not like it and that is why they continue raising Kashmir issue on international stages. They are just mindlessly thinking of making Kashmir their part. They want India to fulfil Jawahar Lal Nehru's promise of plebiscite in Kashmir. It is a pointless recalcitrance because the entire world, including the United Nations, knows that Nehru's promise has no meaning now. According to the Indian Independence Act, Kashmir is an integral part of India. The Parliament of India through a special resolution has also expressed its firmness to bring back Pak-occupied Kashmir. Hence, Pakistan will have to accept that Kashmir is an integral part of India and will remain so. If there is a dispute over Kashmir then it is due to Pakistan only. It would be better if they make it a habit to live with the reality that India is not going to dance to their tunes in Kashmir.

(An original copy of the article published in Hindi on October12, 2014 translated by the English editorial. The author is the Group Editor of Dainik Jagran)