New Delhi: In a huge turnaround, Bihar has emerged as the fastest growing state in the country with figure of 10.9 percent, overtaking Gujarat whose growth has dipped.

According to the Planning Commission data, Bihar was the slowest growing state during 2001-05 period with GDP figure of 2.9 percent. However, between 2006 and 2010, it grew at 10.9 percent, becoming the fastest growing state and shedding the tag of BIMARU (an acronym for sick states).

On the other hand, Gujarat was the fastest growing state between 2001 and 2005 with figure of 11 percent. But during 2006 and 2010, its growth dipped to 9.3 percent and was overtaken by Bihar and four other states Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Maharashtra and Orissa.

Interestingly, Gujarat was the only state among 17 fastest ones to see a decline in growth. Chhattisgarh grew from 7.7 percent in 2001-05 to 10 percent growth, Haryana grew from 8.4 percent to 9.7 percent, Maharashtra from 8.2 percent to 9.6 percent and Orissa from 7.8 percent to 9.4 percent.

Average GDP growth of top five states was 9.10 percent in 11th five year plan, up from 7 percent in 10th plan and 5 percent in 9th plan. Bottom five states also saw a significant average growth, with figures of 8.58 percent in 11th plan as compared to 6.76 percent in 10th plan and 4.12 percent in 9th plan.

The period between 2004-05 and 2011-12 also saw an average increase of 300 percent in consumption in rural areas, bridging the big divide witnessed in the earlier five-year period and highlighting the inclusive growth.

In the 12th plan period, the Centre is set to increase its assistance substantially over the previous period for various programmes. Among them, Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) is going to be the biggest beneficiary with Rs 1,08,503 crore, marking around 396 percent increase.

For National Health Mission, the increase in allocation will be 278 percent from Rs 66,127 crore in 11th plan to Rs 250,000 crore in the 12th plan.


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