New Delhi: It seems Bihar is slowly but steadily coming on the track of development under the leadership of Nitish Kumar as the Human Development Report-2011 reflects that living standard of the people here is witnessing an upward trend.

As per the index report, Bihar is though lagging behind the states like Kerala, Delhi, Himachal, Goa and Punjab, the economic growth here has increased exponentially during the last few years. However, due to poverty and lack of health, education and hygienic facilities the economic growth has been affected, despite the state government’s effort for betterment of the human index by alleviating poverty.

The state government had distributed the ration cards to 40 lakh BPL families and 24 lakh Antyodaya families by June 2009, besides doubling the funds for the welfare programmes meant for Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes.

Despite all its effort, Bihar is still lagging behind other states in the human index. Kerala stands first among the states in India with 0.790 followed by Delhi with 0.750. Himachal Pradesh bagged third position with 0.652, while Bihar managed to hold third position from the bottom with 0.367. Chhattisgarh finished at bottom in the index ratio.   
  
It is worth mentioning that poor states like Bihar, Orissa and Chhattisgarh have significantly improved their graph in the human index in comparison to the national average.

The report clearly indicates that Bihar has made progress on all three fronts namely income, education and health.

As far as education is concerned, Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, Mukhyamantri Balika Cycle Yojana and Dress Scheme for girls have boosted the education graph in the index. During 2000, the index of education was 0.271 which increased to 0.409 in 2008 with 50 percent growth rate.

The income has registered 27 percent growth rate. The income index was 0.100 in 2000 which was increased to 0.127 during 2008. Similarly, health index has also increased from 0.506 in 2000 to 0.563 in 2008.

Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand and Orissa are far behind in having toilet facility.

Despite Sampoorna Swachhata Abhiyan, 78.7 percent households in Orissa, 74.7 percent in Jharkhand, 74.1 percent in Bihar and 72.9 percent in Chhattishgarh are yet to have toilet facilities.   

On the contrary, its percentage in Delhi, Karnataka and Punjab are 1.7, 4.3 and 24 respectively.

JPN/Bureau