In matters related to sex protection, information is considered as the best medicine. It is believed that the society has become more open to discussions and information on sex related issues. But still there are various contraception myths doing the rounds in society. Dispelling such myths, ‘Sakhi’ helps you know the genuine ways to arrest pregnancy.

Family planning refers to natural and artificial birth control methods that allow you to curb the size of your family and the gap between your children. Several methods of birth controls have evolved with the changing times but confusions regarding them have also cropped up.

It is believed that today's generation has sufficient information on sex and contraceptive methods. According to sexologist, Dr Prema Bali, though the exposure towards sex has increased, it cannot be said that most of the people are really aware of the subject. In fact, misconception regarding this issue has increased a lot.

She says, “Lack of proper information on sex and contraceptive usage are the reason behind all the misconceptions.”

Dr Prema also suggests consulting a specialist before trying them out in your personal life.

1) Women do not conceive after first intercourse

Dr Manju Khemani who is a gynaecologist at GM Modi hospital, New Delhi says, “After the beginning of ovulation process women can conceive at any moment, irrespective of the fact that the intercourse is taking place for the first time or not.”

It is a misconception that you will not conceive after having first intercourse. There is no certain age to be pregnant. According to medical science, the chances of being pregnant may increase or decrease in pace with time but there is no specific age or time to be pregnant. If you do not want to conceive, consult a gynaecologist to know various methods of contraception.

Dr Khemani says, “Pre-marital counseling is very important for couples who do not want a baby immediately after marriage. After counseling, couples find it easy to decide how and when they need a baby in their life.”

2) Shower or urination immediately after intercourse can avoid pregnancy 

Shower and urination has nothing to do with egg fertilisation through sperms. Only one sperm is needed to fertilise an egg. During intercourse the process of egg fertilisation can start at any point of time. It is said that there are some sprays available in the market which claim that you can avoid pregnancy if you use them. Do not go for such sprays because they are not at all useful. Before using such kind of medication consult a good gynaecologist.

3) Ejaculating outside vagina can prevent pregnancy

If men ejaculate outside vagina you can avoid pregnancy, this is a misconception and medical science negates this fact. There is a process known as ‘withdrawal’ but this is not an effective method to avoid pregnancy. During sexual intercourse after being aroused men eject pre-ejaculate fluid which can have up to 3, 00,000 sperms. So, the ‘withdrawal’ process is not considered as an effective process. Apart from this the flow of semen surrounding the vaginal area may cause pregnancy.

4) Intercourse during periods prevents pregnancy

Though few people believe in this notion, medical science differs from this opinion. Women can conceive at any stage of menstrual cycle.  The ongoing menstrual cycle indicates that ovulation process is taking place. Ovulation process can take place in women who have problems of irregular periods.

Adding to the fact is that sperm can survive for five days in women’s body. So, if ovulation process takes place within 5 days after having unprotected sex, the chances of pregnancy increases. In this connection Dr Khemani says, “During periods you should avoid sex because it increases the risk of infection.”

5) Birth control pills may cause cancer

Though birth control pills may have some side effects but they do not increase the risk of cancer. On the contrary according to research conducted by ‘Planned Parenthood’, taking contraceptive pills may reduce the risk of developing cancer by one-third in women.

6) Standing position during intercourse can prevent pregnancy

Our society has several misconceptions regarding sex positions. As sperm enters inside a women’s body at a very fast speed, these methods are not considered effective.

7) Unable to reach orgasm helps in preventing pregnancy

Most of the women believe that pregnancy can be escaped by avoiding orgasm. But medical science completely negates this notion. According to Dr Khemani, “Orgasm is related to sexual pleasure and this has nothing to do with pregnancy. After sexual relationship a woman can conceive even without having orgasm.”

8) Condom prevents pregnancy

Most of the women believe that if men use tight condoms, pregnancy can be avoided. According to Dr Khemani, “Very tight condoms may rupture. I have handled many cases related to pregnancy due to condom rupture. Using tight condoms cannot help you skipping pregnancy.”

Courtesy: Sakhi