Chinese Finance Minister Lou Jiwei, Shanghai Mayor Yang Xiong and the bank's president KV Kamath attended the opening ceremony held in a hotel in Shanghai. Kamath, 67, will be the bank's president for the first five years. The NDB will supplement the existing international financial system in a healthy way and explore innovations in governance models, Lou said at a seminar following the ceremony.

BRICS economies — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa — launched the multi-billion dollar development bank at the 7th BRICS summit held in the Russian city of Ufa on July 8 amid efforts to finance infrastructure projects, mainly in member countries.

The NDB will have initial capital of USD 50 billion, which will be expanded to USD 100 billion within the next couple of years. Each BRICS member will contribute an equal share in establishing a startup capital.

The NDB was conceived as a counterbalance to Western-led financial institutions like the World Bank and the IMF by providing funding for infrastructure and development projects in BRICS countries. Each nation will have an equal say in the bank's management, regardless of GDP size, according its officials.

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