Chandigarh: Production of cotton as well as income of cotton growers in Punjab and Haryana has increased because of a rise in area under Bt cotton seeds over the past several years, according to a research.

A study conducted by research institute Council for Social Development claims that use of Bt cotton has had a positive impact on the social and economical development of farmers in the two states.

The field study shows that 100 percent of farmers surveyed in Punjab and Haryana cultivated Bt cotton and reaped substantial benefits with its adoption.

While 95 percent farmers said Bt cotton seeds resulted in higher yield, 93 percent said returns from hybrid Bt cotton seeds were higher than non-Bt cotton, the study 'Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of Bt cotton in India' said.

Punjab and Haryana witnessed an increase in Bt cotton area under cultivation by around 5 lakh hectares between 2009–11. The area under Bt cotton rise to 5.92 lakh hectares in 2007-08 from 0.60 lakh hectares in 2005-06.

Cultivation of hybrid Bt cotton seeds, which began in 2005-06, has seen the average income of farmers increasing by almost 557 percent and 528 percent and per hectare value of production by 130.28 percent and 101.24 percent, in Punjab and Haryana, respectively, the study said.

The cultivation of hybrid Bt cotton seeds has seen the average income of farmers increasing by almost 375 percent, the average cotton yield by 4.95 per cent, cotton area by 4.91 percent and production by 9.25 percent across India's nine major cotton-growing states.

The Council for Social Development (CSD) study was undertaken to validate farmers' experiences using Bt cotton in the nine cotton growing states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat.

During the course of this comprehensive study, more than 1,050 farmers and 300 agricultural labourers were surveyed across the country.


Latest News from Punjab News Desk