Keeping in view the Presidential elections, the Congress party has begun to build consensus among its coalition partners. UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi recently held discussions with NCP president Sharad Pawar over the issue and is likely to meet Karunanidhi and Mamata Banerjee soon. The move is obvious but a similar effort should go into building consensus over other issues as well. It is surprising as to why the Congress is not adopting a similar stance when it comes to other issues, especially economic reforms. Probably this is the reason why the UPA is every time caught in confrontation with its coalition partners. Whether it is the Lokpal Bill or the issue of National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC) or the Land Acquisition Bill, problems for the government has mounted as it didn’t feel the urgency to take its coalition partners into confidence. Having formed a coalition government for such a long time the Congress is yet to learn how coalition functions.

The UPA II has proved to be a complete failure in every aspect. Lack of coalition support is the major reason behind this. Certainly the regional parties are to a large extent responsible for this as they have assumed that they can dictate terms in a coalition government. The way Trinamool Congress Chief Mamata Banerjee wants to function is not acceptable in any form of politics. Ironically other coalition partners of the UPA have also resorted to similar tactics. It is not only the Congress which needs to find a way out of handling coalition politics but the BJP too needs to learn the art. Both the parties have to fix a norm under which coalition government should function otherwise the problem will persist forever. Matters of national interest have never been a priority for regional parties. Coalition politics in the present scenario is facing an uphill task because there are hardly any norms to keep a check on the regional parties. On one hand the government complains of coalition compulsions and on the other does bare minimum to check blackmailing done by regional parties.