Based on their responses to a burnout measure, the teachers were categorised as belonging to either a burnout or no-burnout group om a study led by Professor Irvin S Schonfeld of The City College of New York and Renzo Bianchi, from the University of Neuchatel, Switzerland.
Less than one percent of the no-burnout group met criteria for a provisional diagnosis of depression, whereas 86 percent of the burnout group met these criteria.
In addition, the teachers in the burnout group were about three times as likely to have a history of depression and almost four times as likely to be currently taking antidepressant medication.
Teachers in the burnout group were also more than twice as likely to report a history of anxiety disorders. When burnout and depression were treated as continuous dimensions, they were very highly correlated.
"Our purpose was not to determine the prevalence of burnout or depressive symptoms in a representative sample of teachers," said Schonfeld and Bianchi.
"Our analytic purpose was to determine the extent to which burnout and depression overlap, both dimensionally and categorically," researchers said.
The study appears in The Journal of Clinical Psychology.


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