Election Commission officials said elaborate arrangements have been been made for ensuring free and fair polling in the states.

Polling in West Bengal:

By-elections to the Bongaon (SC) Lok Sabha seat in North 24-Paraganas district and Krishnaganj (SC) Assembly seat in Nadia district in West Bengal are going on peacefully, said Assistant Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) Amitjyoti Bhattyacharia.

Read More: Polling begins for two by-elections in West Bengal

Responding to an allegation that CPI(M) polling agent was not allowed to sit in a booth at Gayeshpur in Nadia district, he said "everything is normal there".

The by-polls are seen as a crucial test of popularity for the ruling Trinamool Congress at a time when the party was facing heat over the Saradha scam.

Polling in Goa:

Polling for the Panaji Assembly seat by-election began on Friday at 8 AM with Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar among the first few to cast his vote.

Also Read: Voting begins for Panaji bypoll

The constituency has 22,057 voters, of whom majority are women (11,335). The voting is taking place across 30 booths. There is no sensitive or hyper-sensitive booth in the constituency.

Joint Chief Electoral Officer Narayan Navti on Friday appealed to the people to come out in large numbers to vote.

A company of Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) has arrived in Goa for patrolling along with the state police.

The counting of votes will be held on February 16.

Polling in Tamil Nadu:

Polling commenced on Friday in Srirangam Assembly constituency. By-poll is necessitated due to disqualification of AIADMK supremo J Jayalalithaa following her conviction in a disproportionate assets case.

Though the poll scenario presents a multi-corner contest, the battle of the ballot will be between AIADMK's nominee S Valarmathi and DMK's N Anand, even as BJP and CPI(M) are trying their luck.

Read More: By-poll: Voting begins in Jayalalithaa's previous Srirangam constituency

The Election Commission has made all arrangements for the peaceful conduct of the by-poll, in which an estimated 2.70 lakh electorate are expected to exercise their franchise across 322 polling stations.

Police have made elaborate security arrangements to ensure trouble free voting.

The votes will be counted on February 16.

Polling in Arunachal Pradesh:

An estimated 21 percent electorate exercised their franchise till 11 AM in the bypoll to Liromoba Assembly constituency in Arunachal Pradesh amidst tight security measures.

Polling which began at 8 AM was peaceful without any incidence of violence, deputy chief electoral officer D J Bhattacharjee said.

A total of 11,640 voters, including 6,020 women, are eligible to decide the fate of five candidates in the fray.

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