Around 250,000 voters are eligible to exercise their franchise where the AIADMK general secretary's main rival is C Mahendran of the Communist Party of India (CPI).

The ruling AIADMK had gone to the electorate on the basis of its 'solid performance' of its regime, including a slew of popular welfare schemes. Almost the entire cabinet and party functionaries had sought votes for their party chief.

By-polls to Aruvikkara Assembly seat in Kerala is witnessing a three-cornered contest. The by-polls were necessitated following the death of former Speaker and Congress leader G Karthikeyan. It is a crucial test for both the fronts as the assembly polls is only an year away.

By-elections to two Tripura Assembly seats (reserved) are also being held amid tight security. Ruling Left parties and the Opposition Congress and BJP put in all-out efforts to gain maximum political mileage.

Though the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M), the dominant partner in the ruling Left Front, is in an advantageous position in Pratapgarh and Surma Assembly segments, the main opposition Congress and BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) claimed their electoral prospects are much better now than in the previous elections.

By-polls are also being held in Garoth and  Chokpot assembly segments in Madhya Pradesh and Meghalaya respectively.

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