The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, in its plea, has said that most countries adopt fitness tests, including emission checks, of vehicle as a criterion for curbing pollution and not the age of the vehicle.

 Additional Solicitor General Pinky Anand, appearing for the ministry told the bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar that there are only 7 percent vehicles over 10 years while the number of vehicles under 10 years is 93 percent.
    
"Give us your views. We will go through it and pass appropriate orders. We are going to examine the matter," the bench said.
    
Quoting from the research papers published by IIT-Delhi, the ASG said that all vehicles above 10 years contribute only a "negligible" amount to the pollution.
    
Referring to the article written by four professors of IIT-Delhi on the subject "Benchmarking Vehicle and passenger travel characteristics in Delhi for on Road Emissions Analysis", the Centre said that "age" cannot be considered as a salient factor for contributing pollution in Delhi, NCR as there are various other significant factors which are causing pollution.
    
The ministry has said that in Delhi large number of people use private vehicles and if 15 year-old petrol vehicles and 10-year-old diesel vehicles are banned, the ultimate sufferers would be the public who may not be able to replace their vehicles with newer ones and their life and livelihood will get affected.
    
The plea, filed through advocates Balendu Shekhar and Rajesh Ranjan, contends that several government departments carrying necessary and essential services for public like  hospitals, Municipal Corporations, Postal Departments etc. engage a fleet of vehicles which are more that 10-15 years old.

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