Mishra said the proposed fund, when established, would help in fostering entrepreneurship in rural areas amongst women and the SC/STs. The fund would also cover activities of the khadi, village and coir sectors, he said.
     
Besides, Mishra said the government has to play a key role in enhancing the country's R & D potential through higher fund allocation and simplification of policies.


"Very clearly India has to dedicate more funds and time to its Research & Development. The recent success of the Mars Orbiter Mission speaks volumes for the R&D capabilities and
 given the appropriate funds it is capable of scaling up its innovative productivity," Mishra said at the Global Research & Development Summit organised by Ficci.
     
"The government has to play a vital role in promoting the R&D potential in India and therefore must first simplify its policies," the micro, small & medium enterprises (MSME) Minister emphasised.
     
In India, the total spending on R&D is around 1 per cent of the GDP. The government's spending is 2 to 3 times more than the industry's. The ratio being approximately 85 per cent  government, 15 per cent industry.     

Internationally, however, countries like Israel spend more than 4 per cent of their GDP on R & D. Japan, South Korea and Scandinavian countries spend more than 3 per cent while the US, France and Germany spend over 2 per cent, and China more than 1.5 per cent of its GDP.
     
However, in most of these countries the industry spends more on R & D than the government, he pointed out.