In a major diplomatic blow to China, the Permanent Court of Arbitration struck down the Communist giant's claims in the strategic South China Sea yesterday.
The Hague-based court has said that China violated the Philippines' sovereign rights. It said China has caused "severe harm to the coral reef environment" by building artificial islands.
The white paper asserts that China has claims over the South China Sea for 2,000 years and the Philippines, which had filed the petition, was occupying Chinese territory.
The core of the relevant disputes between China and the Philippines in the South China Sea lies in the territorial issues caused by the Philippines' invasion and illegal occupation by force, starting in the 1970s, of some islands and reefs of China's Nansha Qundao (the Nansha Islands), it said.
"The Philippines has concocted many excuses to cover up this fact, and to pursue its territorial pretencions," said the document, titled "China Adheres to the Position of Settling Through Negotiation the Relevant Disputes Between China and the Philippines in the South China Sea."
The Philippines' relevant claim is groundless from the perspectives of either history or international law, said the white paper issued by the State Council Information Office.
In addition, with the development of the international law of the sea, a maritime delimitation dispute also arose between China and the Philippines regarding certain maritime areas of the South China Sea, the paper said.

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