About 22,200 people were employed by CPSEs in Punjab as of 2008-09 which had increased to over 32,500 by 2012-13, while nationally about 15,33,500 people were employed by CPSEs which significantly came down to about 14,04,000 as of 2012-13, the study noted.

"Only three other states of Maharashtra (11.5 percent), Bihar (3.7 percent) and Odisha (1.8 percent) have recorded a growth in employment generation by the CPSEs, while rest of the major 20 states have seen a decline, even nationally the employment in CPSEs has plummeted by about eight percent during the aforesaid period," as per study, 'Employment Scenario in CPSEs,' conducted by Assocham.

Besides, Punjab had also registered an increase of about one percent in its share in total employment generated by CPSEs, study said.

Employment generation growth in Haryana dropped by 3.5 percent, according to the study.

While Maharashtra has highest share of 12.5 percent in total employment generation by CPSEs as of 2012-13 which had increased from 10.3 percent as of 2008-09 followed by Jharkhand (11.3 percent) and West Bengal (10.9 percent).

"CPSEs have made significant contribution towards employment generation in the organised sector as they accounted for 4.7 percent share in total employment generated by public and private sector as of 2012-13," said DS Rawat, national secretary general of Assocham.

With a share of just about 0.7 percent, Punjab had attracted investments worth just about Rs 3,906 crore of the total amount of Rs 5.5 lakh crore invested by the CPSEs during 2008-09 and 2012-13.

However, Punjab has remained slightly ahead of Haryana that with a share of 0.6 percent had attracted CPSEs' investments worth about Rs 3,186 crore during the same period.

Maharashtra alone claimed 20 percent share in total gross block, followed by Andhra Pradesh (8.4 percent), Tamil Nadu (8.1 percent), Odisha (6.7 percent) and Uttar Pradesh (6.2 percent) amid top five states attracting high share in investments by CPSEs, study said.

There were altogether 582 projects under implementation in the central sector as of June 2013, and out of these, 311 projects reported a time over-run ranging from one month to 240 months which could have had a negative impact on employment.

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