Mumbai: Planning Commission deputy chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia on Thursday expressed confidence that the country can finance a current account deficit (CAD) of 3 percent, which had reached 4.3 percent last fiscal.

"We are seen as a fast growing economy and it has that potential. As long as that message is conveyed and people recognise that we welcome foreign investment and portfolio investment, I don't think it would be difficult to finance it (a 3 percent CAD)," Ahluwalia said.

A CAD of 3 percent is sustainable and can be financed by a steady inflow of FDI and institutional investment through portfolio flows, he said while addressing students of the Tata Institute of Social Sciences on their convocation day here.

The CAD represents the difference between exports and imports after considering cash remittances and payments.

On the back of record rise in imports, the country was left with a trade deficit of USD 185 billion last fiscal, despite exports also overshooting its target by a few billion dollars at USD 303 billion.

This had a debilitating impact on the CAD position which nearly doubled to 4.3 percent of GDP in Q4 of the last fiscal against 2.3 percent for the fully FY11.

"I personally feel that we should be able to finance the CAD at 3 percent of GDP provided we are seen as a country that is growing rapidly, that's the critical thing. We have to address many issues like power, fuel subsidies, etc (to give out that message)," he said.

He reiterated his call to deregulate oil prices as also allowing FDI in aviation and multi-brand retail, saying energy prices have to be aligned with economic realities otherwise one will never see energy efficiency being pursued.

On the growth prospect, he said even without any fresh doze of reforms, the economy can grow at 9 percent or more. "I believe with the structure that we have, it is possible to grow at 9 percent, even if no new reforms are done immediately. (But the) most important thing is to take care of these executive decision-making issues," he said.


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