Some countries, including Australia and England, have been experimenting with day-night Test matches for some time now and with the ICC’s new decision, the longest format of the game may be played under lights very soon.

It is believed that the first match to be played under floodlights took place on 11 August 1952, between Middlesex County Cricket Club and Arsenal Football Club.

Though Test cricket is being played for more than a century, playing under lights regularly started in the last decade and a half.

Day/Night cricket is now commonplace in one-day cricket and Twenty20 cricket. For instance, all 27 matches in the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 were day/night games, as were most matches in the 2011 and 2015 Cricket World Cup.

During the late 2000s, discussions regarding the possibility of playing day/night Test matches were held. In the West Indies, the first floodlit first-class cricket match was played between Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago, in which the teams used a pink ball.

The viability of using a pink ball was also tried out by Cricket Australia and some Indian Premier League and Bangladesh Cricket League franchises.

The 2013–14 Sheffield Shield season included three day/night first-class matches with pink balls. The trials continued in 2014–15 as Cricket Australia look to host a day-night Test as early as 2015–16 against New Zealand.

The ICC Cricket Committee, which held a two-day meeting at Lord's, recommended that the pink ball should be used in Intercontinental Cup matches and domestic competitions to ensure it can last 80 overs.

The one significant issue to overcome appears to be the impact of dew, which could impact the venues that are able to host floodlit Tests. It has often been seen in one-day internationals how a team bowling second second under the lights can be severely handicapped by a wet ball and it can make the toss too influential on the outcome.

The venue still needs to have decent lights and dew factor should me kept in mind. We can have the best ball in the world but it would be unfair in such conditions.

Flood light cricket or the Day-Night cricket has its own share of limitations. Here are some of them

Colour of the ball: The traditional cherry or the red leather ball is harder to pick under lights. Therefore, there was a need to have a different coloured ball which was easier for the batsman to pick. This gave rise to the white ball which was used along with black sight screens instead of the white screens used in test cricket.

Lifetime of the ball: The white ball gets dirty very quickly in comparison to the red one and batsmen find it harder to spot while facing deliveries off faster bowlers. The white ball loses its shine quickly thereby diminishing the main weapon of faster bowlers in test cricket.

The Swing: The white ball does not swing as much as the red ball (Test ball) when it is new.

Dew factor: This does not allow spinners to grip the ball under lights late in the evening. As most of the spinners are finger spinners, this would be a major issue especially in the sub continent where spinners are considered rulers.

The push behind floodlight Tests is largely to try to bring crowds back to the game in countries where they have severely dwindled, although Richardson believes all Full Members will be interested in trying the concept.

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