"The setback faced by the Congress Party in state elections could potentially raise political pressure on the government's near-term fiscal goals," it said.
The government has articulated a strong commitment to fiscal consolidation, it said adding, "but this commitment may be tested further as the deficit-reduction goals are stretched, and a steeper political struggle to pull in more votes may hinder the full scope of expenditure restraint."
An evident anti-incumbency trend against the Congress could mean an increasing likelihood of political pressure to limit expenditure cut-backs, it said.
For the current fiscal, the government has set fiscal deficit target of 4.8 percent of the GDP. The government's fiscal deficit has already reached 84 percent of its stated target in the first seven months of the fiscal year, versus 72 percent over the same period a year ago. This implies a weaker headline - and operating – fiscal position, it said, adding, unless revenues surprise significantly on the upside in the remaining months of the fiscal year, it also implies the need for greater expenditure restraint than last year, to meet the deficit target.
"We will assess the campaign pledges, and the implications for the post-election fiscal outlook. A more definitive medium-term fiscal framework will only emerge once the next government is formed," it said.
The rating agency also said that the state of public finances form an important driver of India's sovereign ratings. Amidst the monetary authorities' anti-inflation policy bias, appropriate fiscal policies have a greater chance of shoring up the country's savings-investment imbalance. This could lower the current account deficit, and help alleviate another key pressure point for the credit profile, it added.


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