New Delhi: The umpteenth efforts taken up by the Delhi government in making Delhi a pollution free metro have proved to be damp squib as the air in the national capital is fast becoming poisonous with the increasing pollution claiming around 3,000 lives every year.

While the pollution has made Delhi a hotbed for harmful ailments like cancer, heart attack and breathing problems, children prove to be the worst sufferers.

According to the report, 55 percent of the population is a victim of air pollution as this section of the society resides near the main roads with heavy vehicular traffic.

The revelation was made in a report submitted to the Delhi government by the Centre for Science and Environment. On the basis of the survey conducted by the Health Effects Institute of America in collaboration with TERI, it was found that around 3,000 out of one lakh deaths in Delhi occur due to air pollution.

The report was published in 2011.

Observing the high level of air pollution caused by diesel vehicles, the government of Delhi had introduced Compressed Natural Gas as an alternative. While the use of CNG was made compulsory for buses and autos, power plants running on coal were shut down besides ousting polluting industries from the capital.

On several measures failing to curb pollution, Anumita Roychowdhury of CSE says, “The real reason behind the ever increasing pollution is the growing number of vehicles on the roads of Delhi and without controlling their number we cannot get rid of air pollution.”

The senior officials of the Environment department believe that Sports Utility Vehicles (SUVs) are contributing to the polluting of air in a big way. Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit has accepted that the increasing number of vehicles has become a menace. 
According to the report, the level of particulate matter in the atmosphere of Delhi is very high. It is to be noted, while the particulate matter in air is declining in other metros like Chennai, Kolkata and Mumbai, it is on the rise in the national capital.

The amount of NOx, NO2 and tener particles is also touching the dangerous mark mainly at ITO crossing, Pitampura, Siri Fort, Shahdara and Shahzada Bagh. The report shows that while a fall in carbon monoxide has been recorded, the presence of suspended particulate matter in the air is proving to be the main cause of deaths due to air pollution in the capital.

The quantity of pm 2.5 found in RK Puram and Civil Lines has been recorded much more than the set standards. For the record, there are 70-75 lakh vehicles in Delhi besides 1000 to 1,200 new registrations of vehicles everyday.