Tuesday's win at the Edgbaston was Dhoni's 91st ODI victory as skipper. He surpassed Mohammad Azharuddin's tally of 90 ODI victories as captain.
Azharuddin took nine years between 1990 and 1999 and 174 matches to get to his mark while Dhoni did it in only seven years and 162 matches.
33-year-old Dhoni now has a realistic chance of becoming the first Indian to lead the country in 100 ODI victories. He has scored 8098 runs from 246 ODIs so far, averaging 53.27 with a career strike rate of 89.31.
Dhoni's record as captain against England in ODIs is better than any of his predecessors, with 17 wins and five losses out of 25 matches (two tied and one no result).
The Edgbaston win was also India's eight straight ODI win in England, a successful run that started in the Champions Trophy last year.
Dhoni's captaincy may have come under the scanner after the 1-3 Test debacle against the Alastair Cook-led side, but his batting form has been consistent.
The wicketkeeper-batsman slammed four half-centuries in the Test series and also struck a fine 52 at Cardiff in the second ODI.
A man not known to chase numbers, Dhoni also registered another record as wicketkeeper in the third ODI on August 30. He now has the most international stumpings (131) and is now ahead of Kumar Sangakkara of Sri Lanka, who has 129 stumpings to his name.
While Dhoni achieved his milestone in 381 matches, Sangakkara took 563 matches to get to his mark.

Dhoni lauds all after becoming most successful ODI skipper
Dhoni hailed his former and present team for helping him become the most successful Indian ODI captain after the visitors thrashed England by nine wickets in the fourth one-dayer to take an invincible 3-0 lead in the five-match series here.
"When I started leading the team, I got a fantastic team then, and I have got a fantastic side right now," said Dhoni, who became the most successful Indian ODI captain with 91 wins.
"There will be ups and downs, but thanks to everyone, whoever I have played with. Without their contribution it wouldn't really have been possible. All the senior players I played with and who played under me, followed by the youngsters. I personally feel we are a very good, a fantastic ODI side. And there will be ups and downs, but what is important is to keep the intent positive. Thanks to all the players," he said.
Talking pertinently about the series win, Dhoni said India kept on improving with every match especially after the 1-3 drubbing in the Test series against England.
"The good thing is that we have kept improving from the first ODI onwards. That's definitely a big positive. It was a good toss to win today. The fast bowlers bowled really well initially and gave us those early breakthroughs because of which we were able to put pressure on their middle order.

India defeated England by nine wickets
Dhoni surpasses Azharuddin's tally of 90 ODI victories as captain
Azharuddin took nine years between 1990 and 1999 and 174 matches to get to his mark
Dhoni did it in only seven years and 162 matches
Dhoni slammed four half-centuries in the Test series
Dhoni holds record of 131 international stumpings
Dhoni hails all for helping him become most successful Indian ODI captain

"Overall we are very happy. Ajinkya Rahane also got a century and we got an opening partnership. So it was a complete game for us," he said.
Rahane scored 106 runs, his maiden ODI hundred, and in doing so he put on 183 runs for the opening wicket with Shikhar Dhawan who returned to form with an unbeaten 97.
Thanks to their efforts India scored 212 for one in just 30.3 overs overhauling England's 206 all out with 19.3 overs to spare.
"In this particular game, yes, the openers batted well. But they have to continue doing this in each and every game, or most of the games," said Dhoni.
"That is when you can say the problem has been sorted. They will find it tough. At the same time if they can get us a good opening partnership, not always in terms of runs, if they play through 8-10 overs and don't give away wickets scoring even at four to five runs per over, we consider it a very good start because we know we have the batsmen who can make up for the deliveries lost in the first 10 overs," he said.

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