FASD is a broad term describing the range of disabilities that can occur in individuals as a result of alcohol exposure before birth.

In this study, researchers have identified 428 distinct disease conditions that co-occur in people with FASD.

The severity and symptoms of FASD vary, based on how much and when alcohol was consumed, as well as other factors in the mother's life such as stress levels, nutrition and environmental influences.

The effects are also influenced by genetic factors and the body's ability to break down alcohol, in both the mother and fetus.The 428 co-occurring conditions were identified after reviewing 127 studies.

These disease conditions can affect nearly every system of the body, including the central nervous system (brain), vision, hearing, cardiac, circulation, digestion, and musculoskeletal and respiratory systems, among others.

The study appeared in the journal The Lancet.


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