The study found that smokers, who used e-cigarettes were 49 percent less likely to decrease cigarette use and 59 percent less likely to quit smoking compared to smokers, who never used e-cigarettes.

Although e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco, users, known colloquially as "vapers", exhale a mixture of volatile organic compounds, heavy metals and ultrafine particles that usually contain aerosolised nicotine in a cloud of vapour.The population-based study followed 1,000 California smokers over the course of one year.The findings showed that daily smokers and women were more likely to have tried e-cigarettes.Al-Delaimy believes the study will help the US Food and Drug Administration and other regulators as they create guidelines for e-cigarettes amid continued discussion about product safety and its attraction to people who have never used traditional cigarettes.

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