A weak output performance would reinforce doubts over the health of the economy, which also faces prospects of a weak monsoon hobbling both farm output and demand in rural areas, where majority of Indians live.

To support the economy, the RBI cut interest rates last week and reiterated its mistrust of a new way used to measure gross domestic product that shows India among the world's fastest growing economies.

The poll of 28 economists predicted India's industrial production (IIP) increased 1.6 percent year-on-year in April, slowing from 2.1 percent growth in March.

"Economic activity remained subdued in April due to lukewarm domestic demand, declining exports and poor infrastructure growth," said Bharti Bhargava, economist at 4CAST adding that monsoon rain is likely to play an important role in deciding the RBI's policy.
               
At its June 2 meeting, RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan indicated future rate cuts would depend on how the monsoon season pans out and what the government does to ease pressure on food prices. Predictions for wholesale price inflation suggested prices fell 2.5 percent annually.

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