The general guide of the Muslim Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie, and four other Brotherhood leaders were also handed the death penalty. More than 80 others were sentenced to death in absentia.

Earlier on Tuesday, the court sentenced Mursi to life in prison in a separate case related to conspiring with foreign groups.

The Islamist became Egypt's first democratically elected President after the downfall of long time autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011 but was himself overthrown by the army in 2013 after mass protests against his rule.

The court last month convicted Mursi and his fellow defendants of killing and kidnapping policemen, attacking police facilities and breaking out of jail during the 2011 uprising against Mubarak.

The death sentence request had drawn criticism from United States, other Western governments and human rights groups. After Tuesday's sentencing, a senior Muslim Brotherhood member said the trial had 'fallen below all international standards'.

"This verdict is a nail in the coffin of democracy in Egypt," Yahya Hamid, a former minister in Mursi's Cabinet and head of international relations for the Brotherhood, told a news conference in Istanbul.

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