1. 220 ethnic groups and dialects. WOW!


More than 220 ethnic dialects are spoken in the Northeastern states with Nagaland alone having over 36 different languages.

 

2. Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary force in India

The paramilitary unit was formed under British Rule in 1835. Earlier, the unit was known as Cachar Levy. The unit has valiantly served in both World War I and World War II.

 

3. The 'wettest place on Earth' is in Meghalaya

Mawsynram, a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya holds the Guinness World Record of being the 'Wettest place on Earth' with an average rainfall of 11,873 mm (467 in) per annum.

 

4. Majuli, the largest river island in the world

Majuli, the river island, is formed by Brahmaputra River. Located in Assam, Majuli is the largest fresh water mid-river deltaic island in the world.

 

5. Assam has been identified as an Endemic Bird Area

The Eastern Himalaya and the Assam plains have been identified as an Endemic Bird Area by the Royal Society for Protection of Birds. The global distribution of 24 restricted-range species is limited to this region.


6. The best orchid species of India are found here



The North Eastern region of India has around 876 orchid species, the highest in India.

 

7. Second largest tea producing region in the world

Assam is the second largest tea producing region in the world. The geographical location and climate have been a boon for tea production in the small state of Assam.

 

8. The oldest oil well of Asia is in Assam

Digboi is a small town in the Tinsukia district of Assam where the oldest oil well was drilled in Asia. The first oil refinery was started here in 1901.