1. The foundation for the Emergency was laid when the Allahabad High Court rendered Indira Gandhi’s re-election to the Lok Sabha in 1971 null and void on the grounds of electoral malpractices leveled against her by Raj Narain, who had lost the Rae Bareilly seat to her in the said election.

2. Justice Jagmohan Lal Saxena, who was hearing the election petition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, had held her guilty of 'misusing' government machinery during the poll campaign. The verdict was later challenged in the Supreme Court which granted Indira Gandhi a conditional stay, allowing her to be an MP but not presiding over parliamentary proceedings.

3.   Jayaprakash Narayan, who led popular JP Movement with supports of tremendous enthusiasms of students and youths against the misgovernance and corruption during the Congress regime, demanded the resignation of Indira after the Allahabad High Court verdict.

4. There was a public outcry against her. The people of India and the Press wanted Indira Gandhi to step down. It was a big clamour that she could not let continue and the Emergency was imposed as her lawyer-confidant, the West Bengal CM Siddhartha Shankar Ray, advised her to do so.

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