The same insights might be applied in the business environment too, researchers said.
    
Wencui Han of the Department of Management Science and Systems at the University at Buffalo, New York and colleagues, explained how in the last two decades criminal incidents such as shootings on campus, assaults and robberies, natural disasters including tornadoes, hurr canes and snow storms and disease outbreaks have put US students and staff at risk.
    
The occurrence of such events, whether criminal, environmental or health related seems random and, as such, there is no predicting when the next emergency situation might arise, researchers said.
    
Han and colleagues argue that campus officials need to have their response plans in place and that such plans should, in the era of almost ubiquitous mobile connectivity and social networking, accommodate these new communications tools.
    
They said campus administrators have already adopted a variety of emergency notification technologies, including campus radio and TV, warning sirens and even text and email announcements for their students and staff.
    
Each of these channels should continue to be employed, but Han and colleagues argue that they all have their limitations and that social networking sites might counter such shortcomings for today's always-connected students.
    
"One might imagine that almost every student on a US campus has a Facebook page, while not all will be regular listeners to the campus radio station nor viewers of its TV channel," researchers said.
    
Moreover, it is common that Facebook users are compelled to check for new notifications on their smart phones and other devices regularly.
    
The team explained that there will be little cost to establishing a social networking presence via Facebook or Twitter that could be promoted to students on enrolment and accessing the page or updates encouraged throughout campus life.
    
These outlets, which might also include the likes of LinkedIn and other tools, could be actively maintained to provide additional useful information and guidance for students during normal times as well as during and after disasters or emergency situations, researchers said.
    
The study was published in the International Journal of Business Information Systems.