Patent records obtained by The Verge show that the social media giant is developing the millimeter wave technology - a networking technology that is theoretically capable of data speeds faster than most home connections and is 40 times faster than 4G.

Sanjai Kohli, a Facebook employee, filed one patent recently that describes a "Next Generation Data Network" that would connect computers using millimeter-wave radio links deployed as a mesh network.

Another patent granted to Kohli describes the "Next Generation Network" in more detail as a type of centralised, cloud-based routing system.

"The system dynamically adjusts route and frequency channel assignments, transmit power, modulation, coding, and symbol rate to maximise network  capacity and probability of packet delivery, rather than trying to  maximise the capacity of any one link," the patent read.

Facebook confirmed to The Verge about the millimeter-wave research. "This work is part of the Connectivity Lab which supports the mission of a" to connect the four billion people who don't have Internet access," a Facebook representative was quoted as saying.