Joshi, 81, was active till the end despite age-related ailments and the end came at his residence here, according to his family. Joshi also had a term in the Rajya Sabha in 2004-10, elected with the support of the BJP and Shiv Sena, and served on as many 16 parliamentary committees during the tenure.

He gave up a decade-long lucrative assignment with International Bureau of Universal Postal Union (UPU) based in Switzerland in 1977 to return to India and take up the farmers' cause. He formed his trend-setting outfit Shetkari Sanghatana in 1979, galvanizing the unorganized farmers' movement in the state.

After launching the outfit from his farm at Chakan near here, Joshi shot into limelight by leading a prolonged agitation of onion growers in Nashik district, which took a violent turn leading to his arrest.

He soon expanded his sphere of activity by taking up the issue of remunerative prices for a wide range of farm produce like sugarcane, rice, cotton, tobacco and also milk and joined hands with Mahendra Singh Tikait, another farmers' leader from north India, to set up a non-political co-ordination committee of all farmers' organisations in the country 1982.

Launching his initial stir from his home state Maharashtra, Joshi later spread his wings and influence in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and also to the south by organizing agitations for remunerative prices in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Liberal and progressive in outlook, he also sought to amalgamate the farmers' cause with that of women's empowerment and organized a massive rally of women farmers and farm labourers at Chandwad in Nashik in 1986 attracting about two lakh women.

He, however, happened to be the only RS member who opposed the women's reservation bill when it came up in the Upper House of Parliament as he was of the view that the reservation would not lead to the emancipation and empowerment of women.

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