The UPA government relaxed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) norms in almost dozen sectors including telecom, defence, PSU oil refineries, power exchanges and stock exchanges.
Towards the close of the year, UK retail major Tesco submitted its application to initially invest USD 110 million in opening of supermarket chain with Tata Group's Trent.

Going by the words of Commerce and Industry Minister Anand Sharma, another European major is expected to come soon in the multi-brand retail trading. Similarly, in civil aviation, Singapore Airlines and Malaysia-based AirAsia joined hands with Tata Group to launch two new air line services.
Abu Dhabi-based Etihad also picked up 24 percent stake in Jet Airways worth over Rs 2,000 crore. Sharma has said that the government is looking to liberalise FDI policy in some more sectors including railways and construction development.
"We are looking at some more areas,” he said. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) is also expected to soon float a discussion paper on permitting FDI in e-commerce in retail trading.
However, in terms of foreign inflows, India has attracted FDI worth USD 16.85 billion during the January-September 2013 period, which is a dip of about 10 percent over the same period last year.
India is projected to require around USD one trillion between 2012-13 and 2016-17, the 12th Five Year Plan period, to fund infrastructure growth covering sectors such as ports, airports and highways.
A decline in FDI would hurt the rupee, which had depreciated to a record low of 68.85 against the US dollar on August 28. It has strengthened since then to about 62 level.
According to experts, although the government has relaxed FDI norms in several sectors, the global players are waiting for the formation of the new government due around May-June next year.

"In 2014, the next government will have to speed up the liberalization process in order to attract more investments," Head of Tax department in corporate law firm Amarchand & Mangaldas, Krishan Malhotra said.

The DIPP has moved a proposal to allow FDI in the cash-starved railways sector, particularly for development of rail lines between project sites and existing network. At present, no FDI is allowed in the railways sector.


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