Researchers from the University of Georgia (UGA) in US studied how being fed by humans is changing the health, ecology and behaviour of white ibises in south Florida, where construction and land development is drying up their wetland habitats.

The birds normally feed on aquatic animals like fish, snails and crayfish, but they are now becoming accustomed to being fed items such as bread, fast food and popcorn by people at parks, said Sonia Hernandez, an associate professor at University of Georgia (UGA).

This shift in feeding behaviour could have serious consequences not just for the white ibises, she said, but also to people.

"In a previous study, and using molecular typing methods, we found that the strains of salmonella bacteria that white ibises are infected with are the same that some people get sick from, particularly in Florida," Hernandez said.

This shift towards more sedentary behaviour could allow pathogens transmitted through feces, like salmonella, to build up and pose risks for both birds and humans. Researchers are focusing on salmonella because it causes one of the most significant diarrheal diseases for people and can cause mortality in young wading birds.

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