The impetus the two nations received in their ties during the year was positive after the visit of Narendra Modi, the first by an Indian Prime Minister in 28 years.

Tony Abbott's two-day visit to India in September was the first bilateral visit by a Prime Minister since Modi took over as the new leader in May. Abbott was the first among the global leaders to congratulate Modi on his victory in polls.

During the trip, he signed historic nuclear safegaurds agreement to allow uranium export to India and discussed mutual co-operations in areas of science and technology, sports, education, water management, skills and LNG.

Australia has about 40 percent of the world's uranium reserves and exports nearly 7,000 tonnes of yellow cake annually. India and Australia had commenced negotiations for the sale of uranium in early 2012.     

Abbott also hand over Modi the controversial statue of Dancing Shiva, which was stolen and bought by Australian National Gallery of Art.

Two months later, Modi reciprocated by taking a trip Down Under and received a rockstar reception across the four cities - Melbourne, Canberra, Brisbane and Sydney.     

During his four-city tour in Australia, Modi and his counterpart Abbott agreed on a landmark framework for security cooperation across the spectrum in defence, cyber and maritime security and combating terrorism, including the threats posed by foreign fighters joining extremists groups.

Modi also became the first Indian Prime Minister to address the Parliament where he described Australia "as a major partner in every area of our national priority".     

He said Australia would no longer be at the periphery but at the centre of India's vision.

"The fact that we have exchanged visits in two months is a sign of better times to come," said Modi, who also attended G20 summit in Brisbane.

The two nations also agreed to closely work in several areas including trade and investments and stressed on the need to build the ties on massive opportunities in area of agriculture, agro-processing, resources, energy, finance, infrastructure and education.

The two way trade stood at over USD 15 billion and an early conclusion of Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement was announced with next round of negotiations set as December this year.

Australia's biggest coal mine, the USD 16.5-billion Carmichael Coal and rail project in Queensland's Galilee Basin proposed by Indian major Adani Enterprises was also cleared by the government here, signalling a stronger relations.

India maintained its position as the largest source of skilled migrants with the latest data recording over 40,100 Indians applied to migrate to Australia during last financial year, much above Chinese and British nationals.     

Tourism also flourished during the year and Indians continued to flock here.

Overseas tourist traffic from India rose by almost 18 percent during first nine months of 2014 as compared to similar period last year and Modi announced visa on arrivals facility for Australian tourists.

"The relationship between the two governments was once characterised by missed opportunities. The long shadow of the cold war, India's economic policies, Australia's white policy and Canberra's decision to not to sell uranium to India that kept two nations apart for decades was now a history," said Australia-India Institute chief Amitabh Mattoo.

"Australia-India relationship is clearly an idea whose time has come, but it will require political nurturing before it acquires a momentum of its own," Mattoo added.     

The two countries joined hands during India's mission to Mars when Australian engineers and technicians working at CSIRO-managed Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex became critical and first to confirm the successful entry of Mars Mission.

Even Bollywood enjoyed the year in Australia with Dhoom 3 becoming the highest grossing foreign film, Amitabh Bachchan presenting a scholarship under his name by Latrobe University, and more and more Indian films becoming a part of Australian film festivals.

A new film project named 'Unindian' starring Cricket star Brett Lee and being directed by Indian Australian Anupam Sharma was also launched this year.

The last month of the year saw hostage crisis in which an Iranian-born ISIS sympathiser took 17 people captive and killed two of them before being gunned down by the forces in the 17-hour-long hostage drama at a cafeteria in Sydney.

Two Indians were also among the hostages who were evacuated successfully.

In another incident in the same week, eight children, seven of them siblings, aged between 18 months and 15 years were found stabbed to death inside a home in the city of Cairns, in one of the worst single-family killings in the country.

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