Several top corporates and bureaucrats also came under scanner for their alleged role in matters like coal blocks allocation scam and 2G spectrum-related cases with the courts tightening the noose around them and premier probe agency CBI facing some intense scrutiny on its investigations.

The year witnessed politicians like Congress chief Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi, former telecom minister Dayanidhi Maran, Union minister Smriti Irani being summoned by trial courts across the national capital as accused in cases filed against them while Aam Aadmi Party leader and former Delhi chief minister Arvind Kejriwal had to spend six days in Tihar jail.

CBI had a tough time in politically-sensitive cases throughout the year. However, a special court accepted its charge sheet and summoned Dayanidhi Maran, his brother Kalanithi Maran and others as accused in the Aircel-Maxis deal case.

The premier agency, however, was left red faced when it was unable to explain properly the queries posed by the judge in coal scam matters with the court terming its probe as "sketchy".

CBI's move to close some of the coal blocks allocation cases came under strict scrutiny of the court which refused to accept the closure reports and even directed the probe agency to quiz Manmohan Singh in one of the coals cam matters allegedly involving top industrialist Kumar Mangalam Birla and others.

Apart from Sonia and Rahul Gandhi, those summoned on a complaint filed by BJP leader Subramanian Swamy alleging cheating and misappropriation of funds in acquiring ownership of the now-defunct daily National Herald were AICC Treasurer Moti Lal Vohra, General Secretary Oscar Fernandes and two others. However, the trial court order was stayed by the Delhi High Court.

Former finance minister P Chidambaram's name figured in the court with CBI informing the judge that it was probing how the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) approval was given to Rs 3500-crore Aircel-Maxis deal in 2006. High-drama was witnessed in the court when AAP leader

Kejriwal preferred to go to jail over furnishing a bond to secure bail in a defamation case lodged against him by Union minister Nitin Gadkari.

Kejriwal remained in jail for six days under judicial custody and finally on May 27, he was ordered to be released from the prison after he changed his stand and furnished the bail bond in compliance with the Delhi High Court order.

However, in this matter, Gadkari had to face ire of the court which imposed a cost of Rs 10,000 on him for his failure to comply with its order regarding filing of affidavit three days before the scheduled hearing.

Lots of twists and turns were witnessed after police listed ex-Delhi law minister Somnath Bharti and others in a charge sheet in a molestation case relating to a purported midnight raid by Bharti and his supporters here. Some women African nationals had filed the complaint alleging Bharti and some other people had molested them during the purported raid.

A criminal defamation complaint filed by former IPS officer RB Sreekumar against BJP leader Narendra Modi, before he became the prime minister, and others for allegedly launching a malicious campaign against him in connection with the 1994 ISRO spying case was dismissed by a trial court.

Besides these cases, the nearly 40-year-old case of murder of Lalit Narayan Mishra, which was one of the oldest pending cases in the country and which witnessed a number of twists and turns during the trial, attained finality in a trial court which awarded life imprisonment to the four convicts.

Similarly, it took 13 years for trial court to deliver the verdict in the 2001 murder of bandit-turned-MP Phoolan Devi in which the lone convict, Sher Singh Rana, was sentenced to life imprisonment by the judge who did not award him death penalty noting that motive behind the murder could not be established by the police.

Besides these cases, the judiciary acted tough in cases of sexual assault with five men getting life term in the sensational 2010 Dhaula Kuan gang-rape case of a BPO executive hailing from the northeast.

In a stern message to police officials in fake encounters, a trial court awarded life imprisonment to 17 Uttarakhand Police officials for murdering an MBA student in 2009 in a fake encounter in Dehradun.

In fresh trouble to former telecom minister A Raja, DMK MP Kanimozhi and others, already facing trial in the 2G spectrum allocation case probed by CBI, Enforcement Directorate (ED) swung into action by naming them in a charge sheet in a money laundering case related to the mega scam.

The special court, thereafter, put them on trial in the case by framing charges against them under the provisions of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act. The year also saw a plethora of defamation complaints being filed in the courts involving leaders like Union ministers Irani and Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, Congress leader Sanjay Nirupam, former Delhi chief minister Sheila Dikshit and former JDU leader Sabir Ali.

Dikshit faced the brunt of the court which slapped a fine of Rs three lakh on her for failure to appear before it in a criminal defamation case filed by her against BJP leader Vijender Gupta.

A court also dismissed the bail plea of businessman Gautam Khaitan, who was arrested by ED in a money laundering case related to the Rs 3,600-crore VVIP chopper deal. The case has international ramifications with CBI also running a parallel probe in a corruption case lodged by the agency in this matter.

Senior PDP leader Mohd Dilawar Mir was caught on the wrong side of the law with a court here sentencing him to three years in jail in a case related to wrongful release of Rs 30 lakh and contract for sale of urea to his firm by public sector National Fertilizers Limited in 1993-1996.

In the Tatra truck deal graft case, the trial court sent accused Lt Gen (retd) Tejinder Singh to jail after dismissing his bail plea observing no "mercy" should be shown only because he was not arrested during the probe. The case related to alleged bribe offer by Tejinder to then Army Chief Gen V K Singh for clearing Tatra vehicles file. Tejinder was later on granted bail by the high court.

The Rs 10-crore cash-for-post railway bribery case, which led to resignation of the then Railway Minister Pawan Bansal after his nephew's name cropped up as accused, saw charges being framed against 10 accused under the provisions of Prevention of Corruption Act and IPC. Bansal, who has been made a prosecution witness in the case, appeared in the court to record his testimony.

Names of then Syndicate Bank CMD SK Jain and others came up in a corruption case with CBI arresting them in connection with the matter. Jain was later suspended from his post.

At the fag end of the year, the court also conducted proceedings related to the rape of a woman allegedly by a cab driver of US-based service provider Uber, wherein the accused refused to undergo the test identification parade.

One of the trial courts here also stressed on the need of having separate lock-ups, prisons and other provisions for the transgenders, who were declared as "third gender" by Supreme Court, saying they have the full legal rights and "cannot be shuttled between man and woman depending upon convenience".

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