The Naga Peace Accord:
Two sets of ideas came up in the Christian-majority state: a desire to end the country's mother of all insurgencies or to keep it going. The Naga Peace Accord was signed on August 3 between the government and the NSCN-IM which is led by Isak Chisi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah.
The accord followed 17 years of peace talks and sent a message to all other factions of the Naga underground that New Delhi would only negotiate with the NSCN-IM and that the only choice the other five factions of the NSCN had to either embrace the accord or face elimination militarily.
How other Naga factions received the Centre- NSCN(IM) Peace Accord?
The NSCN-K led by SS Khaplang, which had abrogated the 14-year-old truce on March 27, responded by killing eight Assam Rifles troopers in Mon district of Nagaland. With bases in Myanmar, it ambushed a Dogra Regiment unit in Chandel district of neighbouring Manipur, killing 20 soldiers.
The beginning of Centre-Naga war
A furious government announced a bounty of Rs 17 lakh on information leading to the capture of Khaplang and its military wing chief Niki Sumi. In the meantime, a new faction of the NSCN -- NSCN-Reformation -- was born. It followed the expulsion of P Tikhak and Wangtin Naga, formerly senior leaders of the NSCN-K.
The NSCN-Reformation is the only faction to support the Naga accord. The others - NSCN-Unification, NSCN-Khole Kitovi and NSCN-K - remain wedded to violence.
When public took law in their hands: Lynching of accused rapist in Dimapur
Nagaland witnessed trouble on February 5 after a mob of 5,000 stormed the Dimapur Central Jail, dragged out a 35-year-old alleged Bangladeshi accused of raping a Naga woman, dragged him for over seven kilometres and lynched him.
Houses and shops belonging to Bangladeshi immigrants also came under attack. The case was handed over to the CBI. More than anything, it showed the Naga distaste for 'outsiders', particularly Bangladeshis.
When Nagaland turned into a 'No Opposition Zone'
Also in February, nine Congress legislators voted in favour of Chief Minister TR Zeliang of the Naga People's Front (NPF), which counts the BJP as an ally. The move left the Assembly with no opposition. The Central government also recognised the role of Rani Gaidilu, a freedom fighter who played a significant role during the independence era. Nagaland was back in news in September as its lone Rajya Sabha MP Khekiho Zhimomi, who died on November 26, outspokenly suggested the creation of two Union Territories in Manipur, adding to the already simmering tensions on the issue of Greater Nagaland.
The Naga Peace Accord: