The Syrian issue dominated a long dinner meeting of G20 leaders including Obama last night hosted by Russian President Vladimir Putin at the end of the first day's deliberations during which Prime Minister Manmohan Singh made an intervention.
    
Planning Commission Deputy Chairperson Montek Singh Ahluwalia said that it was also the Prime Minister's view that the world community should wait for the report of the UN inspectors on the alleged use of chemical weapons in Syria.
    
India condemns use of chemical weapons

The Prime Minister also told his fellow G20 leaders that India condemns the use of chemical weapons whether in Syria or anywhere in the world, Ahluwalia, who was present at the dinner meeting, told reporters here.
    
Singh also told the leaders that one needs to be certain what has happened in Syria even if there is some probability of use of chemical weapons.
    
Syrian opposition and the West have accused President Bashar Al-Assad's forces of using chemical weapons on August 21 in a Damascus suburb, a charge denied by the government.
    
Ahluwalia said the indication given by the Prime Minister was that one should wait for the report of the UN team of inspectors.
    
The Prime Minister made it clear that whatever action is required in Syria should be under the auspices of the UN and not outside its framework.
    
According to Ahluwalia, who is the 'Sherpa' for India at the summit, the Prime Minister also said that India was not in favour of armed action aimed at any regime change as this would be violation of international law.
    
The meeting was also told that the UN Security Council should authorize the action if it is necessary. According to Ahluwalia, Prime Minister also indicated that the world community needed to be certain about the facts on the Syrian issue going by "past experience."
    
The Prime Minister was apparently referring to the Iraq experience on facts not being ascertained before the US military went looking for weapons of mass destruction in that country during President Saddam Hussein's rule.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon briefed the G20 leaders on the current efforts by the UN inspectors who are operating in "difficult circumstances."
    
Ahluwalia said the indications given by Ban were that the report by the UN team is expected to come out sooner or later. The US President is under pressure to decide against launching military strikes in Syria, which many G20 leaders fear would hurt the global economy and push up oil prices.
    
Obama has accused President Assad's forces of killing 1,429 people in a poison-gas attack in the Damascus suburbs. But Assad has blamed rebels for the attack.
    
G20 leaders divided


G20 leaders remain divided over the Syrian conflict as they entered the second and final day of the summit. According to Italian Premier Enrico Letta, the splits were confirmed during the working dinner. In a tweet, he said that "the G20 has just now finished the dinner session, at which the divisions about Syria were confirmed".
    
A spokesman for the Russian presidency said a US strike on Syria would "drive another nail into the coffin of international law".
    
With the US looking increasingly isolated over Syria, Putin has made no secret of his opposition to US military intervention.     Putin this week said any military strikes without UN approval would be "an aggression".
    
From what world leaders have said over the last 24 hours, he will assume Moscow's message has been getting through. From China to the EU to the Vatican, the message is clear: there can be no military solution to the Syrian crisis.     

President Putin's spokesman is reported to have suggested the G20 is "split down the middle" over Syria. He said some countries were demanding "hasty action", while others stressed the importance of the UN Security Council. Yet opponents of urgent military action appear to far outnumber supporters at the summit.
    
China and Russia, which have refused to agree to a Security Council resolution against Syria, insist any action without the UN would be illegal.
    
The US and France are the only nations at the G20 summit to commit to using force in Syria. Obama is thought to be trying at the G20 summit to build an international coalition to back strikes against military targets in Syria. But differences of opinion became obvious when world leaders - including Obama and Putin – discussed Syria over the dinner.
    
President Putin's press spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, said after the dinner that the G20 was split down the middle, with some countries seeking hasty action and others wanting the US to go through the UN Security Council.
    
Obama was reported to be an hour late for the dinner.
    
Referring to Ban's presentation before the G20 leaders, Ahluwalia said "virtually everybody" in the room appreciated and applauded his views. Ban promised the leaders that within the next few days, scientific evidence of whether or not chemical weapons were used will be provided.
    
Ban, who was asked to speak by Putin during the dinner meeting, explained how the UN Security Council was in the process of collecting scientific evidence on the nature of chemicals used in Syria.
    
The leaders were told that body tissues of those who had died and even those who had survived the alleged chemical attack were being examined.
    
According to Ahluwalia, Ban said the evidence will be placed before the Council within a few days. Almost everybody applauded after Ban suggested that the sanctity of the UN process must be observed, he said.

(JPN/Agencies) 

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