This was but one of three things he meant by the Japanese view of Gandhi, Hiroichi, described as a great friend of India and a former writer in residence at the Mahatma Gandhi International Hindi University in Wardha, cited.

He said Gandhi was also influenced by the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. "Japan became very popular in Asia after it won a tough war against Russia," Hiroichi said.

He cited Gandhi, in his 1909 book "Hind Swaraj", had a very clear idea of how India should be developed and was against popular industrialised nations' concept of being militarily and economically strong.

"He wanted something in the middle," the Japanese scholar said. Thirdly, he said, Gandhi, in his journal Harijan that came out just before the 1942 Quit India Movement as World War II was going on, said that Japan should not come to India as an aggressor.

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