CV Raman was born in Thiruvanaikaval, Trichinopoly, Madras Presidency, in British India. He was the first Asian and first non-White to receive a Nobel Prize in Science. Raman won the award for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength. This phenomenon was then named after the physicist as Raman Effect.

Later Raman spectroscopy was based on the Raman Effect, Ernest Rutherford referred to it in his presidential address to the Royal Society in 1929.

Honours received by Raman are:

•    He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society early in his career in1924 and conferred knighthood in 1929.
•    In 1930, he won the Nobel Prize in Physics. In 1941, he was awarded the Franklin Medal.
•    In 1954, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna.
•    He got Lenin Peace Prize in 1957.

28 February is celebrated as National Science Day in India to commemorate the discovery of the Raman Effect in 1928.

JPN

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