The Finance Ministry had last week raised excise duty on petrol by Rs 1.60 per litre and the same on diesel by 40 paise, which is expected to fetch the exchequer an additional revenue of about Rs 3,200 crore during the rest of the fiscal.
This will help the government in partly meeting the shortfall in disinvestment and direct tax realisation. Due to volatile market conditions, the disinvestment department could garner Rs 12,600 crore so far this fiscal. It has a target of Rs 69,500 crore to be garnered from minority
stake sale in PSUs as well as strategic stake sale.

With seven months of the current fiscal already over, the Department of Disinvestment has already indicated to the Finance Ministry that it would not be possible to meet the ambitious target.

As regards dividend, the government is pushing blue-chip PSUs to either step up their capex or pay higher dividends and not sit on cash pile. The government had budgeted to collect Rs 36,174 crore by way of dividend from the public sector enterprises, higher than last year's realisation of Rs 28,423 crore.
It has already received a dividend of Rs 65,896 crore from RBI, which is higher than this year's budget projection of Rs 64,477 crore. Making up for the shortfall in disinvestment through other sources is essential for meeting the fiscal deficit target of 3.9 per cent of GDP.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has already delayed the fiscal consolidation programme by a year in order to fuel growth. Jaitley has proposed to bring down the fiscal deficit to 3 per cent of GDP by 2017-18 as against the earlier target of 2016-17.
Fiscal deficit in the first half of the current fiscal stood at Rs 3.78 lakh crore or 68.1 per cent of the Budget estimate for the whole year. As per government estimates, the total tax revenues are
likely to fall short by Rs 50,000 crore from the budget estimates in the current fiscal. Tax revenues collected in the current fiscal could be around Rs 14 lakh crore as against the budgeted Rs 14.50 lakh crore. Although indirect tax collections are showing a healthy growth, the collections of direct taxes have remained subdued.

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