Many western countries have established female HPV vaccination programmes for preventing cervical cancer.Little is known about the cost-effectiveness of male-HPV vaccination.

For the study, the team compared the potential costs and effectiveness of vaccinating adolescent boys in Canada against HPV for preventing HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer.When the investigators applied a statistical model to a population of 192,940 Canadian boys who were 12 years old in 2012, they found that HPV vaccination could save from $8 million to $28 million Canadian dollars over the boys' lifetimes.

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